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MDGs | United Nations Population Fund | Bangladesh


UNFPA was the lead agency in preparing the Bangladesh progress report on MDG5 – Improving maternal health and the reduction of maternal mortality by 75% before the year 2015 (from 1990 levels).  UNFPA also led the initiative to add "Access to reproductive health services for all" as an additional target, along with four additional indicators:
   →  Reduction of Total Fertility Rate by 2015
         Reduce the proportion of maternal deaths by 2015, including the global indicators:
           ♦  Maternal Mortality Ratio and
           ♦  Proportion of birth attended by skilled health personnel
   →  Increase median age of first marriage for girls by 2 years to 18 by 2010
   →  Reduce the proportion of maternal deaths caused by violence.
The Stockholm High-level roundtable on Investing in Reproductive Health and Rights as a Development Priority, states that by reducing poverty and achieving the MDGs "access to Reproductive health for all is not only an end in itself but also a means to achieve all the MDGs".  
Reproductive Health and Family Planning is therefore the mainstay of UNFPA programming in Bangladesh; with gender as a cross-cutting field addressing health related issues resulting from GBV prevalence; UNFPA programming seeks to improve MDG indicators between 2011 and 2016 under its 8th Country Program.  The relationship between UNFPA Bangladesh’s 8CP and the MDGs can be illustrated as follows:
MDG 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger:
Access to SRH/FP reduces fertility, brings about favorable age composition, results smaller household improving income and reducing poverty.
MDG 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education:
Access to SRH/FP results fewer children per household so better schooling, a lower pupil-teacher ratio, and a stronger investment in human capital.
MDG 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women:
Access to SRH/FP delays marriage, decreasing child bearing among school-aged girls; promoting gender equality in secondary education and empower women with more opportunities. Addressing GBV helps to increase the role of women in society by ensuring safety and protection from violence, abuse and inequality.
MDG 4: Reduce Child Mortality:
High infant mortality is both a cause and effect of high fertility. Access to RH will contribute to lessening the risk of infant and child mortality.
MDG 5: Improve Maternal Health:
7,000 women die due to pregnancy related causes each year in Bangladesh, with most cases being preventable. Access to RH means better obstetric care and greater prevalence of skilled birth attendants present during delivery, further reducing maternal mortality.
MDG 6: Combat HIV/AIDS:
Bangladesh is low prevalence but high vulnerability in HIV/AIDS. Access to RH will ensure safe sex that will help combat HIV/AIDS.
MDG 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability:
Access to RH will reduce household size which will result in the more sustainable utilization of resources, and less environmental impact.
Develop a Global Partnership for Development:
Addressing youth employment to reduce poverty among the youth and affordable medicine will ensure availability of treatment of RH related diseases.

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